Peru / Technical Data


Discover a different country


Area: 1,285,220 sq km (496,200 sq mi)
Population: 28,200,000 (2007)
Access Routes: By air to Lima and Cusco.
By land to Puno, Tumbes, and Tacna.
By sea to Callao (main port).


Peru is a country with great magnetism and strength; its marked contrasts enhance the country's mystery and beauty. Peru is the birthplace of ancient civilizations and the emblematic seat of the Spanish Viceroyalty. It presents a varied geography, with an amazing diversity of climates and ecosystems, and belongs to the select group of eight mega-diverse countries, where it is possible to find 84 of the 104 life zones that exist on the planet. Peru's natural scenery is also remarkable, as is Lake Titicaca, of indescribable beauty at more than 4,000 meters above sea level.

Whenever the name of Peru is mentioned, it is spontaneously associated with Machu Picchu and the Inca Empire. The Inca culture was an extraordinary and very advanced civilization, but it just appeared and developed over the last 100 years of the 12,000 years of existence of the Pre-Columbian Andean cultures. The Andes imposed challenges that demanded ingenious answers from its inhabitants, resulting in culturally-independent civilizations, somehow linked by common aspects.

For nature-lovers, Peru offers a great diversity of flora and fauna. It is the country with the second highest number of species worldwide and, it has the highest number of endemic species. Peru holds the world record for the largest number of bird species seen in a single day without the use of motorized vehicles (331 birds, Ted Parker and Scott Robinson, 1982).

The country's diverse high mountains, lakes, and forests are a privileged set up for active tourism. There is a wide range of options for trekking, boating, climbing, biking or horseback riding.

Peru has deluxe hotels and services to satisfy the most demanding visitors, with the most refined tastes. Suggested luxury stays in Peru include places away from crowded tourist routes, with comfort in every detail; visits to private museums, meals at emblematic residences and villas from the 17th to the 20th Century, many of them still inhabited by the descendants of their founders, deluxe train transportation from Cusco to Puno and Machu Picchu, and deluxe Inca Trail hikes, and deluxe cruises in the Amazon River.


  • Archeology and history: birthplace of civilizations and cultural legacy.
  • Nature: great diversity of flora and fauna.
  • Living cultures: traditions and ancestral ways of life are maintained in its three regions.
  • Routes to discover: unique experiences, unconventional trips.
  • Adventure: active tourism and sports.
  • Gastronomy: the variety of indigenous ingredients makes Peruvian cuisine one of the most creative in the world.
  • Craftsmanship: authentic and stylish.